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Castle of Ajloun (Qal'at Ar-Rabad)

The wonders of nature and the genius of medieval Arab military architecture have given northern Jordan two of the most important ecological and historical attractions in the Middle East.

The castle was built by one of Saladin's generals in 1184 AD to control the iron mines of Ajloun, and to discourage Franks from invading Ajlun.

Castle of Ajloun, dominated the three main routes leading to the Jordan Valley and protected the trade and commercial routes between Jordan and Syria became an important link in the defensive chain against the Crusaders, who unsuccessfully spent decades trying to capture castle. in 1260 AD, when Mongol invaders destroyed the castle, but almost immediately, Mamelukes Sultan Baybars re-conquered and rebuilt the city.

The original castle had four towers, arrow slits incorporated into the thick walls and was surrounded by a moat average 16 m. in width and up to 15 m. deep.

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